Puno is a city in southeastern Perú, located on the shore of Lake Titicaca, at an elevation of 3,830 m (12,556 ft). Puno is situated between the shores of Lake Titicaca and the mountains surrounding the city. There is less than 2 miles of flat land between the shores and the foothills, which has caused the growing city to continue to expand upwards onto the hillsides.
Puno is an important agricultural and livestock region; particularly of South American camelids (llamas and alpacas) which graze on its immense plateaus and plains. Much of the city economy relies on the black market, fueled by cheap goods smuggled in from Bolivia.
Textiles and other products created from alpaca, llama, or sheep wool are characteristic of the area. The locals also make musical instruments like the siku (wind instrument) and the charango. The Toritos de Pucara are the most impressive ceramic pieces made.