Chrám svaté Barbory (St. Barbara's Church) in Kutná Hora is one of the most famous Gothic churches in central Europe and is a UNESCO world heritage site. St Barbara is the patron saint of miners (among others), which was highly appropriate for a town whose wealth was based entirely upon its silver mines.
Construction began in 1388, but because work on the church was interrupted several times, it was not completed until 1905. The original design was for a much larger church, perhaps twice the size of the present building. Construction, however, depended on the prosperity of the town's silver mines, which became much less productive. In 1588, the incomplete structure was enclosed by a provisional wall until 1884 and the roof was unfinished until the 19th century.