Truva (Troy) was a city, both factual and legendary, best known for being the focus of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle and especially in the Iliad.
Truva is actually composed of 9 different cities:
- Troy I: 30002600 BC
- Troy II: 26002250 BC
- Troy III: 22502100 BC
- Troy IV: 21001950 BC
- Troy V: 20th18th centuries BC
- Troy VI: 17th15th centuries BC
- Troy VI: late Bronze Age, 14th century BC
- Troy VIIa: ca. 13001190 BC (most likely setting for Homer's story)
- Troy VIIb1: 12th century BC
- Troy VIIb2: 11th century BC
- Troy VIIb3: until ca. 950 BC
- Troy VIII: around 700 BC
- Troy IX: Hellenistic Ilium, 1st century BC
The archaeological site of Truva was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1998.