The Basilica Cathedral of Lima is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in the Plaza Mayor of downtown Lima. Construction began in 1535, and the building has undergone many reconstructions and transformations since, however it still retains its colonial structure and facade. It is dedicated to St John, Apostle and Evangelist.
In keeping with the majority of cathedrals, the front facade has three large doorways. The main or central gateway is called the Portada del Perdón or the "door of forgiveness". Set on the front facade are sculptures of the Apostles and in the middle, the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
Inside, there are also no less than 14 side chapels. At the rear there are 2 more entrances: Santa Apolonia and San Cristóbal. Along the side aisles, are a sequence of large paintings of the Via Crucis, "Way of the Cross.
The Cathedral contains the tomb of the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, conqueror of the Inca empire and the founder of Lima. Pizarro laid the first stone during the cathedral's construction.